Pregnancy is one of the happiest times in a woman’s life, posing daily challenges and health complications. Foot and leg pain during pregnancy is one of them, and foot care is an important aspect of pregnancy care, but unfortunately, India does not pay much attention to this aspect of health.
Gaining weight during pregnancy puts additional stress and pressure on the lower body. There are other changes: a shift in the centre of gravity and an increase in hormonal flux, many of which cause pain and swelling in the legs.
- Flat feet or excessive pronation
The arch will flatten if you weigh too much, leading to calf and back pain. Inflammation of the plantar fasciitis fibrous tissue can cause severe heel pain, while metatarsal pain can cause pain in the ball of the foot. Proper support shoes or inserts can solve many of these problems. Custom shoe insoles or foot orthotics are specially designed devices recommended by foot specialists or podiatrists that provide additional foot and ankle support during pregnancy.
- Swelling of the legs
Swelling and oedema of the feet can affect many women in late pregnancy. According to some estimates, pregnant women can gain up to 10 kg of extra weight simply due to the accumulation of blood and water. The liquid tends to be drawn towards the foot. This is especially true when it is not used much, such as sitting for a long time. Therefore, light exercise, walking, stretching your legs, etc., can all prevent swelling of your legs.
- Pain and cramps in the legs during pregnancy
Hormonal changes can also cause foot pain and cramps. Light movements and gentle massages are common tricks for controlling pain and cramps. One effective technique is to grab the affected foot and massage the arch with light pressure from your thumb. Pressing on the toes is also a good technique for reducing pain and cramps.
Improve foot care during pregnancy
- Wear round toe or square toe shoes instead of pointed shoes. This is to deal with swelling of the legs.
- Don’t wear high heels; choose flat heels.
- Wear a custom insole that provides additional shock absorption
- Get a regular foot massage
- Moisturizes your feet every day, keeps them moisturized and prevents cracks.
- Wear surgical stockings as needed to improve blood flow.
- Exercise lightly on your feet to keep them active and avoid water buildup.